The creation of the Training Program for Bilingual Teachers of the Peruvian Amazon (Formabiap) presented a new situation for indigenous peoples. For the first time, indigenous organizations, represented by the Inter-ethnic Association for the Development of the Peruvian Jungle (Aidesep), raised the need to build an alternative education that would respond to the political demands of the indigenous movement related to the defense of the territory and the valuation of cultural heritage.
Based on these aspirations and within the framework of an agreement between Aidesep, the Ministry of Education, the Regional Government of Loreto (Gorel) and the Italian NGO Terra Nuova, it was opened and developed in the Loreto Public Pedagogical Higher Education Institute. (IESPP Loreto), through RM 364-88-ED of May 25, 1988.
This institutional framework of co-execution between Aidesep and IESPP Loreto was one of the most innovative aspects, allowing the construction of an educational proposal that is based on the recognition and appreciation of the cultural heritage and languages of native peoples, the exercise of individual and collective rights, and the participation of indigenous organizations and other agents in educational processes contributing to the achievement of Good Living / Full Life.
Formabiap began its work by training teachers in the specialty of intercultural bilingual primary education (IBE) with students from seven indigenous peoples (Awajún, Wampis, Kukama-kukamiria, Murui-muinanɨ, Bora, Shipibo and Asháninka), located in the regions of Loreto, Amazonas , Ucayali, Cerro de Pasco and Junín.
During the following years, students from other peoples of the north and center of the Amazon were incorporated, including Achuar, Tikuna, Kichwa, Shawi, Shiwilu, Kandozi, Chapra, and Nomatsigüenga. In the mid-1990s, in alliance with regional indigenous organizations, three in-service teacher training programs were started at the Santa María de Nieva (Amazonas Region), San Lorenzo (Loreto Region) and Satipo (Loreto Region) campuses. Junín), expanding teacher training to other Amazonian peoples.
In 2005, the Teacher Training in Intercultural Bilingual Initial Education began with participants from the Kukama-Kukamiria and Tikuna peoples, continuing the training of Ashaninka and Nomatsiguengas mothers in the Central Jungle for the attention and care of children from 0 to 5 years with family participation.
During these last years our contributions have been evidenced not only in the school education of the communities in which the teachers graduated from this program work, but also in the various fields of action of the Peruvian Amazon and the country from the EIB approach , the care of the environment and the management of culture and indigenous languages.
As well as throughout our history, we have been building, reviewing and updating our educational proposal. Towards the end of 2019 and during 2020, we have embarked on a new path towards the sustainability of our institutional management, establishing ourselves as the Formabiap Association, in order to guarantee the necessary resources for the attention of the IBE teacher training of the indigenous peoples of the Amazon Peruvian.
In this way, we reaffirm our commitment to continue building a relevant and quality education hand in hand with Aidesep and its organizations, enabling their participation in the management and conduct of this educational program.